Topic outline

  • Stoichiometry

    Chemistry is a qualitative and quantitative science. Students have generally been studying chemistry in a qualitative sense. In this introduction to the quantitative aspect of chemistry, students will examine stoichiometry. Stoichiometry is the mole to mole relationship in a balanced chemical equation. This unit provides the opportunity to apply chemical principles to everyday life and industry. When studying reactions, students need opportunities to investigate the usefulness of the reactions. The corresponding calculations provide the tools to investigate and support the students’ responses.

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  • Structure to properties

    All matter is held together by chemical bonding. Bonding is discussed in detail in this unit. The different forces of attraction involved in matter and how it influences their properties will be studied. Questions such as why does water have the formula H2 O and why does NaCl have such a high melting point will be addressed.

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  • Organic chemistry

     Organic chemistry is the study of molecular compounds of carbon. In this unit, the bonding capacity of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and the halogens will be reviewed, as will the potential for these atoms to form covalent compounds. The vastness of the number of organic molecules will be explored using isomers and polymers as examples. With so many different organic molecules to consider, students will come to appreciate the need for a systematic naming scheme. Students will be given opportunities to discover how the classification of organic molecules into different family groups depends upon the type of bonding and atoms present. The students will also examine how these factors influence the reactivity of representative molecules from each of the different families.

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